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Bed Bug Removal Guide – Tips You Need to Know to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Insects are responsible for many pests around the world. They were created to guarantee the ecological balance. In addition to this mission, they invade houses and cause damage either to human properties or health.

Bed bugs are one of most destructive species of invasive insects. Bed bugs invade, as called, beds, especially wooden beds, which present a perfect shelter for these tiny creatures.

Bed bugs have become declared a pest in the U.S since the 1940’s and have cost the government since then a lot of money to control this pest. But nothing worked, and bed bugs have been expanding and presenting a serious threat to homeowners.

Physical and biological facts about bed bugs:

Bed bugs – scientifically called Cimex lectularius – are invasive insects considered in the U.S. as pests. These annoying insects are parasites; meaning they are related to the human because it provides food for them: blood.

Bed bugs feed frequently on blood, especially human blood, similar to fleas. But they have a different look than fleas and their scientific classifications are different, therefore, bed bugs need to be well studied and this article contains a huge amount of useful information that may help you better know these parasitic insects.

  • Bed bugs are 0.16 to 0.2 inch (4 to 5 millimeters) long and 0.06 to 0.12 inch (1.5 to 3 millimeters) wide, which means they are truly tiny creatures that are hard to detect.
  • Bed bugs are reddish brown small insects that look almost red directly after ingesting human blood.
  • Bed bugs have flat oval shaped bodies with an oval abdomen which is segmented into 5 parts. Usually, female’s abdomen is bigger than the male’s as it used it for laying eggs.
  • Bed bugs have a straight pair of antennae used as sensors to danger or to vibrations.

Bed bugs are tiny insects that don’t carry a lot of physical or biological specifications. But as tiny as they are, they have a very typical and complex behavior which needs to be identified.

Behavioral characteristics of bed bugs

As cited above, Cimex lectularius have a typical behavioral despite the fact that they are so small.

  • Feeding: Bed bugs feed on blood which is why they infest the human body. These insects are parasites; it means they use the human as a host which provides their needs. And the fact that they infest beds is because it has the perfect conditions as a shelter and as the availability of food source: which is the human when he falls asleep. So, bed bugs bite you while you are sleeping and suck all the blood they want and then come back to their shelter which is under your bed.

Bed bugs are nocturnal, they only feed at night and they are not active when exposed to day light, they like quiet and dark places.

Bed bugs can also infest pets. When there is no availability of human blood, bed bugs bite pets and suck their warm blood.

The most special feeding behavior of bed bugs is that they can survive up to a whole year without feeding on any source, which is a very rare characteristic.

  • Reproduction: When bed bugs infest an area, they start by mating in order to form a huge colony to guarantee the survival of the species. Mating in bed bugs takes place through traumatic insemination in which the male injects its sperm into the female’s abdomen and when inseminated, it takes the female a day to lay down 1 or 2 eggs.

Bed bug eggs are so sticky in a way that it sticks to flat vertical surfaces without falling down, which helps the colony to survive and expand.

Bed bug nymphs are uncolored and very small: they are 0.06 to 0.08 inch (1.5 to 2 millimeters) long and 0.03 to 0.05 inch (0.7 to 1.25 millimeters) wide.

  • Social communication: As many insects, bed bugs use several ways to communicate between each other. They are smart creatures that need communication to organize their colonies and guarantee its survival, for that purpose, bed bugs use pheromones and kairomones to communicate.

Pheromone is a chemical substance secreted by the glands in the bottom of bed bug’s abdomens. It is used to mark trails which lead to food sources or to call for mates during mating season or to mark trails to other nests or even to warn other colonies of a potential danger.

Kairomone is a semi chemical substance similar to urine, secreted by bed bugs to warn others from areas treated with pesticides.

  • Relationship with humans: the relationship between bed bugs and humans can either be a relation of commensalism or of parasitism. Commensalism means one of the two parts benefits from the other without affecting it. In our case: bed bugs suck the blood of the human without affecting it, in better words, without causing harmful bites or transmitting diseases. Otherwise, there is parasitism which means benefiting of the other at his expense. It’s the case where the bites of bed bugs become highly allergic and cause harmful itching and identifiable swelling.

Regardless, bed bugs are considered a dangerous pest in the US and they should be exterminated when they infect a property, because they can be responsible for a huge material and health damage in the infested area.

Bed bugs: a serious threat to human health

Do bed bugs present any danger or threat to the human health?

Well, medicine has proven that in spite of their ability to carry pathogens, they are unlikely to transmit it to humans; they are here just to suck blood and live in peace. In fact, it’s true that bed bugs don’t transmit dangerous diseases, but their bites can cause an extreme allergic behavior and drive the victim crazy.

Bed bug bites cause itchiness swelling and redness of the bitten spot. Some pharmaceuticals could be prescribed to the bitten individual such as: antihistamines and corticosteroids.

Bed bugs also cause a psychological discomfort such as: anxiety, sleeplessness… and it could ruin the psychology of an individual when he lives near to bed bugs.

How do bed bugs get into your house?

Bed bugs, like any other pest, are not stupid insects to come from the front door and wait for you to smash them, they get into your house by many ways, and when they find the perfect location, they start building a suitable nest for a huge colony, and that huge colony may be under your bed.

  • Bed bugs don’t originate from nowhere, they gain entry to your house through unchecked transported luggage. For example, if you have a guest and his luggage is infested, then surely your house will be infested as bed bugs crawl from one place to another, quickly, to hide. This makes them become undetectable.
  • Hotels and motels are the most common places that suffer from bed bug infestations, as the turnover of travelers is continuous, infestations may occur at any time, and you could be easily infested when checking-in.
  • Bed bugs, also, love wood furniture, and once you buy used wood furniture, you should, carefully, check if it contains any minimal infestation, then you can put it in your house.

While it’s hard to detect bed bugs when entering your house, it’s never impossible to detect their signs of evidence.

Signs of having bed bugs in your property

It is true that bed bugs are so hard to detect because of their tiny bodies and their special defensive behavior (they only move at night and in quiet and dark places) but there are some signs set by our experts to help us find and identify bed bugs:

  • The first sign is bed bug bites: they are most similar to mosquito bites but they come in a row and more than 3 or 4 bites could be found in the same area. Bed bug bites could cause itchiness, swelling and sometimes allergy.
  • Blood stains on your pillowcase can present a main sign of a serious bed bug infestation. If you are not suffering from any disease that will cause bleeding on your pillowcase, then it is surely, a bed bug which was on your pillow.
  • Start checking under your mattress, look for rusty fecal spots, they are usually accompanied with shed skin and laid eggs. Some bed bugs can also be identified. If not under your mattress, inspect near to your bed.
  • Strong unpleasant odor could be smelled around the bed. When bed bugs are reunited, they spread an offensive odor which is easily identifiable.
  • Check cracks and holes in the wall as bed bugs like to live in walls and in wood cracks which provides for them a cool moisturized harborage.
  • Bed bugs don’t fly and don’t jump, they just crawl from place to another very quickly, so don’t take them for ants or fleas.

Tips to prevent bed bugs

Bed bugs are a major source of nuisance, and as a homeowner, knowing that this insect has become a dangerous pest in the US; you should start planning how to avoid this pest and prevent being infested.

  • Regularly inspect your house to guarantee that early infestations get exterminated. Inspect, carefully, all corners, wood furniture, beds, mattresses… every month.
  • Beware of bed bugs in hotels, inspect your hotel room before opening your suitcase and lying on the bed, you could bring bed bugs home if you don’t take care.
  • Vacuum your house every week, to keep every spot well aerated and kill any possible bed bug.
  • Use a multi-layer cover for your mattress, it shall reduce the distribution of bed bugs.
  • Some electronic devices could be used to repel bed bugs and to block them from staying in your property. These devices send ultrasonic waves that affect the neurological system of the bed bug and drive it out. The best product in markets is Hoont Indoor Powerful Plug-in Spider and Bed Bug Pest Repeller with Night Light available on Amazon for only $20.

Getting rid of bed bugs

If, unfortunately, the pest infested your property and your prevention plan didn’t work, don’t lose hope; these insects are not immortal, and exterminating them is not that easy, but it is doable and efficient.

The treatment of bed bugs is various, many ways are available, and you can choose the most suitable for your case. Here are some of the best ways to treat and exterminate bed bugs forever:

  • Steaming: steaming is a simple general way of housecleaning but when it comes to bed bugs, you need to precisely identify the harborage and steam it with a low temperature in order to freeze the bugs and kill them.
  • Heat treatment: mostly like freezing, but it just gets done with high temperature. In both cases, bed bugs can’t resist the extreme rough temperature and will quickly die. Heat treatment is expensive and needs special equipment which is better done by a professional.
  • Pesticides: when it comes to pests, pesticide sprays are always a solution, but is it effective with bed bugs. Well, some poisonous insecticides can be effective and exterminate bed bugs if precisely sprayed.
  • Encasement: many people choose not to kill bugs but to use encasements in order to cage bugs inside the bed encasement until they die. Encasements are tissue covers for the infected mattress which don’t allow bed bugs to come out and bite you while you are asleep.

Bed bug interceptors: This method is a modern way to get rid of bed bugs. It is something like a plastic plate that catches bugs in your wood furniture and blocks its movement. The best product for this purpose in the market is Climbup Insect Interceptor Bed Bug Trap for only $13 on Amazon.

Additional Bed Bug Removal Resources:

  1. Bed Bug Infestations in an Urban Environment by CDC.gov
  2. Bed Bug Prevention Strategies – Never Pest
  3. Bed Bugs (Cimex lectularius) and Clinical Consequences of Their Bites – Journal of American Medicine
  4. What You Never Knew about Bed Bug Bites… – Never Pest
  5. Do Bed Bugs Spread Fast?  – Never Pest

How to Treat Bed Bug Bites on Babies, Adults, Pets & More!

Even the cleanest environment; your home, a hotel even a close relative you’re visiting can end up with an infestation of bedbugs. They travel around on people’s luggage, clothing or other surfaces and can move into just about any home. This means you can be at risk of receiving bedbug bites just about anywhere. The bedbug bite varies from person to person in severity. Some people do not even know they’ve been bitten, while others are so allergic they develop a rash and extreme itching. There are ways to treat bedbug bites but first, be sure that is what you are treating.

Inspect the Bed Bug Bite First

The bedbug bite resembles other insect bites, especially the mosquito. They are generally a raised, red bump that can look much like a blister. Often even a doctor will have trouble telling if it is definitely a bedbug you are suffering from. They do have some characteristics that are theirs alone:

  1. They have a unique pattern in their bites. They are sometimes singular but most often occur in a “breakfast, lunch and dinner” pattern. This is a pattern of three to five bites appearing in a row.
  2. The bedbug generally bite exposed areas of your body like the; neck, face, feet and arms. They will seldom be found on the back of your knees or in the folds of your skin.
  3. The bit marks will typically go away by themselves within one or two weeks. To ensure you don’t get more bites, you will have to take care of the infestation. If you are still sleeping with bedbugs, you will get bitten again.

When Did the Bite Occur?

If you can find out where you were bitten; you can treat the area and eliminate the bedbugs. It may not be easy as not all people react at the same rate. It can take anywhere from a couple of hours to more than a week for a bite mark to appear.

  • Bedbug bites have a long incubation period and the red bump can take up to ten days to appear on some people.

Check your Home for Signs of Bedbugs

Starting with your bed which is where the bedbug will want to be to get their source of human blood; look for red spots on your sheets. These will either be the squashed bug that bit you, or from the bites marks they left when they were finished eating.

  • Other signs to look for on your mattress are; the bugs themselves either alive or dead and feces. The feces they leave are little black spots like black pepper. Check entire bed including sheets, pillows and pillow cases.
  • The bedbug is hard to find as it is very tiny and brownish in color. You need to find the bedbug or signs of one to know if you are truly treating bedbug bites.

How to Treat a Bedbug Bite

Washing the bite with soap and water is your first step. Use a bar soap and enough water to completely wet your hands. Work the soap in your hands until you have a thick soapy lather and spread that over the bite area. Leave the soap on the area to dry. This should ease the itching. This method not only eases the itching it will also help prevent a skin infection.

Home Remedies to Relieve the Itching from Bed Bug Bites:

  1. Put an amount of baking soda that will be enough to cover bites and mix with water until you have a pasty consistency. Apply a thick coat of the paste over the bites and allow to dry. Leave the dried paste on the bite for about an hour before washing off with warm water.
  2. Pour enough lemon juice on a cotton ball to saturate it. Dab the wet cotton ball on the bite marks. You can also use St. John’s Wort or witch hazel to relieve the itch.
  3. Gel from the aloe plant can also be applied to bedbug bites to relieve the itch. Pure 100% aloe vera gel contains both antibiotic and anti-fungal properties so will also help prevent infections.

  • Steroidal anti-itch creams which can be purchased over the counter will also relieve the itch from the bedbug bite. The cream that contains hydrocortisone or cortisone will reduce your inflammation and itching. If it does not provide sufficient relief, your doctor can prescribe a stronger strength for you.
  • Oral antihistamine such as Benadryl can also help control an allergic reaction. It will relieve the swelling, rash and the itching from the bite. If there is pain involved try; Ibuprofen, Aspirin or Tylenol.

Bedbug bites like all insect bites can become infected. Use these tips to prevent infection and gain relief from the itching. If you should develop a fever; contact your doctor immediately.

Signs of Bed Bugs in a Room, Mattresses, Sheets, Furniture & More…

As tiny as bed bugs are they are practically impossible to notice if you don’t know the signs. It takes a group of things to occur before you will realize that it’s caused by bed bugs. One sign doesn’t necessarily mean you have these nasty creatures. They can be caused by several things that includes mostly traveling. Bed bugs can hitch a rid on outside pets, suitcases, and used mattresses among other things. Even if your home is messy it doesn’t mean you will get these bugs. Your mess will enhance the areas that the bugs hide and allow them to infest that much longer, but it doesn’t cause the bed bugs to be in your home. Here are some signs to look for when trying to figure out if you have the bed bugs.

Top Signs of Bed Bug Activity or Infestations

Having red stains on your mattress and bedding is a sure sign that you have bed bugs. If you see a few or a lot of little spots of red will mean that you may have rolled over and squashed one or more and since they feed on pet and human blood they produce redness when killed.

Bed Bug Waste

Bed bugs produce a lot of waste from feces to their tiny hard shells to dead skin. With an infestation you will notice this rather quickly all over your bedding and even in your mattress crevices and box spring. It will appear like a pile of tiny cockroaches. Some of it will appear dark and will even show up as dark spots on your bed.

Bites

You will have a few to a lot of bite marks all over your body and face. Depending on your reaction to the itching and scratching will determine how much your bites will swell. You will need to use an anti-itch cream to help protect yourself from scratching too much. These bite marks could be caused other types of insects, but along with waste and other signs you will know whether or not these bites are from bed bugs.

Place carpet tape

Use carpet tape in strategic areas of around your bed to know for sure if you have bed bugs. Leave them there for several days and you will see at least a few of these bugs if you have them at all. Place the double sided tape around the mattress or between the mattress and box spring. They will be captured when they begin to venture out to feed on your blood. They come out towards the early morning and only need to feed once a week. If you don’t have an infestation then you will not have many bites or stains on your sheets.

Look in key areas

By searching around your room you may also be able to tell if you have bed bugs. They tend to hide behind baseboards, behind hanging pictures, in creases of your mattress, and anywhere that is dark and lacks movement. Even if you move a lot during your sleep they will not come towards you as much as another sleeper who is completely still.

Check for movement

As bed bugs are practically microscopic it can be extremely difficult to see them walking around. However, if you have white bedding and sheets you may be able to see them walking around your bed if you are not in it. Their bodies are small and clear and when they feed on blood they turn red. Search for extremely small red dots that are moving and if you don’t see any look for clear bodies bugs.

To know for sure if you have bed bugs may take a long time and before you know it you will end up with an infestation of these creatures. Therefore, follow the following steps to help you determine as early as possible.

  • Look for red stains on the bedding and mattress
  • Look for small bites on your body
  • Check in key areas where they typically hide
  • Analyze for any movement
  • Place double sided tape around your bed to make a final conclusion

How Do You Get Bed Bugs? This is Surprising!

Bed bugs are parasites that live in dark crevices and feed off of animal and human blood. They attack at night by providing a numbing agent and anticoagulant that keeps you from knowing that you are getting bit. As bed bugs may not carry diseases they are extremely annoying and can cause severe rashes and irritation to your skin as the bites itch. How you get bed bugs can range from different situations.

Pets Can Give You Bed Bugs

Bed bugs can travel in from the outdoors as they can hitch a ride on your pet. If your dog or cat sleeps outside or is outdoors a lot of the time they can get bed bugs that attach themselves to their hairs and feed off of their blood and eventually make their way indoors into your home. They will find other areas to hide and come out to feed on human blood as well and infest the home they are in.

Suitcases Can Spread Bed Bugs

When you travel and stay in a motel or hotel that have a lot of people coming and going, you could end up with some bed bugs attaching themselves or getting into your suitcase where your clothes are. During the night they will feed on your blood and then make their way to your suitcase. Bed bugs can infest rooms in places where people from other countries have a major bed bug problem as they are unable to treat the problem. Typically these people are traveling from a non-industrialized country that have little to no hygienic supplies. If you travel to one of these countries and the room you are staying in have bed bugs you can pick them up and take them with you back to your home.

Furniture and Bed Bugs

If you get used furniture, bed or upholstered furniture, bed bugs could be infesting in these items and you could bring them into your home without realizing it has an infestation. Avoid getting any used bedding or furniture unless you treat it for bed bugs by spraying it with a pesticide, vacuuming it, then wrapping it in plastic to trap the bed bugs. Leave the items in the sun for several days. This could help eliminate the amount of bed bugs, but it can’t guarantee getting rid of the bed bugs and bringing them into your home.

Remove Bed Bugs

There was a pesticide called dichlorodiphenyetrichloroethane that was used to help kill bed bugs but it has been banned and is no longer available for use. Other pesticides to consider are pyrethrins and pyrethroids. They can remove the majority of the bed bugs but with a major infestation you may have to use another treatment alongside these pesticides as bed bugs can become immuned to them. Try a chlorfenapyr that will take about 10 days to fully kill off all of the bed bugs that have built a resistance to the previously mentioned pesticide.

Other methods of getting rid of bed bugs is using the following:

  • hydroprene – prevents the bed bug larvae from maturing and becoming adults.
  • Clean all clothing in hot water
  • Strip all bedding and clean sheets, pillows comforters, and blankets and clean in hot water
  • Remove curtains and clean them in hot water
  • Remove all clutter in your home to remove anywhere for the bed bugs to hide
  • Vacuum everywhere from ceiling to floor, under furniture and every crevice where bed bugs could hide.

When all else fails call upon an exterminator that can come in and destroy these pesty bugs from staying in your home. They will spray chemicals into the baseboards, behind pictures, walls, and in electrical sockets and small crevices throughout your home. Every room needs to be treated as bed bugs will travel into areas that are not treated to escape and start infesting other rooms.

How To Prevent Bed Bugs: Preventative & Deterrent Tips

Bed bug infestations are costly and very difficult to get rid of. These invasive insects are incredibly good at hiding and surprisingly resilient. This means that once they’re given the opportunity to set up camp, consumers are forced to invest lots of time and energy into eliminating them. If you want to learn how to prevent bed bugs, you’re definitely not alone. A recent population explosion has made these pests an increasingly common problem.

Bed Bugs And Home Visitors

Bed bugs do not simply find their way into your home. Instead, these bugs are often brought in instead. They might hitch a ride in your luggage over the course of a long trip or they may be hiding in the folds and crevices of used furnishing. In many instances, however, bed bugs are found directly in the clothing of house guests who have troubling infestations of their own. This makes it important to be discerning of who you invite into your abode. While it might feel uncomfortable to forbade people to visit, you always have the option of taking a few preventative measures after these visits instead. For instance, you can:

  • Use a portable steamer to treat any suspicious surfaces
  • Thoroughly vacuum your unit after your guests have left while being careful to dispose of the vacuum bag or the canister contents outside of the home
  • Vacuum any furnishings in the affected area using the hose attachment
  • Remain vigilant for signs of bed bugs and bed bug bites

How To Prevent Bed Bugs After Traveling

Hotels, motels, hostels, trains and airplanes are all places in which bed bugs can be picked up. It only takes one healthy female to deliver enough eggs to start an entire population and thus, even a single stow-away can wreak havoc on your life. This makes it important to be discerning of where you choose to stay and how you choose to travel when taking a vacation. Check out reviews of different hotels and resorts before making your reservations. Consumers who have come in contact with bed bugs at these establishments often leave candid reviews of their experiences in order to give other people fair warning. This feedback can help you avoid places that are known for having unchecked infestations.

Taking the time to read up on the companies that are part of your travel plan is the first step in bed bug prevention, but you also have to take other measures in order to limit the likelihood of this problem. For instance, check your luggage when you get home for signs of bed bug feces or living bed bugs. Check out bed bug pictures online in order to get a better idea of what you’re looking for. You can also:

  • Use the vacuum cleaner attachment and a stiff brush to clear out your suitcases
  • Put any clothing that you’ve brought with you in the clothes dryer and dry these garment for up to 20 minutes at the highest temperature setting
  • Leave your suitcases and your clothing in the car for several hours to let the greenhouse effect kill any live bed bugs off

High heat is one of the most effective bed bug killers available. It is also one of the cheapest. If you have any travel items that are suspected of carrying live bed bugs or their eggs, put these things in the dryer or keep them stored in your car. When using the greenhouse effect to kill bed bugs, roll up all the windows and make sure that the vehicle is parked directly in the sun. Temperatures of 110 degrees or higher are generally sufficient for eliminating these insects and their eggs. Although you might be jet-lagged and drained upon your arrival, taking these steps is a quick and easy way to prevent a full-blown infestation.

How To Prevent Bed Bugs When Purchasing New Furniture

Thrift store furnishings can seem like a great deal, but this is only true if these items are entirely pest-free. Some people make the mistake of donating furnishings from homes that are filled with bed bugs. Bed bugs are also known to populate the secondhand stores that sell these items. The money that you save on used furnishings may well be spent on an endless stream of bed bug treatments if you aren’t discerning of who you buy from and what you buy.

The best secondhand shops are more than aware of the major, bed bug epidemic that is currently sweeping across North America. These entities implement regular preventative measures of their own and work with licensed, pest control companies on a routine basis. Moreover, they are extremely forthright and transparent when it comes to these activities and go out of their way to ensure their customers concerning the safety of their products. If these are not assurances that a seller is willing and able to provide, it is better to leave used products right where they are.

Bed Bugs And Your Pets

Bed bugs feed on both human and animal hosts. If you suspect a bed bug infestation, taking fast action is one of the surest ways to keep this issue from spiraling out of control. Most people regularly check their mattresses and bedding for signs of bed bugs and their feces. It is also vital, however, to check the bedding of any cats or dogs that you have in the home. These insects are just as happy to set up camp here as they are in any other area of the property.

Baseboards And Cracks In Building Materials

Preventative strategies should also address any building materials that can provide suitable hiding places for bed bugs. Some infestations are especially challenging given that the bugs have taken up residence under or behind the baseboards. You can use a hand-held steamer to kill live insects and their eggs in these areas. You should also apply caulking once the treated areas have dried in order to seal up cracks and close off prospective hiding places.