Category Archives for "Spiders"

How to Get Rid of Brown Recluse Spiders in House Naturally

Arachnophobia may have been an underrated 90’s horror film, but it is also a very real fear for 9% of Americans. On the bright side, unless you live in Australia, this fear is largely unfounded since, of the roughly 34,000 discovered species of spider, only a dozen are harmful to humans. One such spider known to pack as much bite as it does bark (No, not Selenocosmia Crassipes) is the Brown Recluse (Loxosceles reclusa).

This relatively small arachnid contains a venom more potent that that of a rattlesnake, but because of the tiny amounts of venom injected, the bite is rarely fatal to humans. On the downside, this venom has been known to attack and destroy cell membranes, ultimately leading to necrosis. As such, if you suspect you have a Brown Recluse infestation, you need to take the proper steps toward verification immediately.

How to Identify a Brown Recluse

To the untrained eye, spiders are very much like floral patterns- they all look alike. However, proper identification of the type of spider infesting your property is essential in its effective removal. When attempting to determine if your spider is in fact, a Brown Recluse, glue traps prove indispensable. Once you have one immobilized, keep an eye out for these characteristics:

  • First, check this map. If you don’t live in the South, Midwest, Texas, or the Southwest desert climes, you probably don’t have a Brown Recluse.
  • This arachnid has six eyes rather than the standard eight, with one set in the center, and one pair slightly behind and on either side.
  • There will be a dark, violin shape on the cephalothorax, which is the fused head and thorax region. However, this discoloration is often misidentified.
  • Check the legs, which will be the same color as the body, and will feature fine hairs but no spines.
  • Though dangerous, this spider is only about the size of a quarter. You won’t find one the size of it’s reputation.
  • Possessing an antisocial temperament, these spiders will not build webs in plain sight where they can be easily seen.
  • Ranging from a yellowish brown to dark chocolate, the color of the spider depends largely upon diet.
  • Brown Recluses have oval shaped abdomens.

Why You Need to be Concerned About a Recluse Infestation

Sure, maybe the pain associated with the initial bite is so minor that many do not even notice they were bitten until much later, and the Brown Recluse has been known to eat insects and even small rodents, but this should not have them confused with some benevolent, symbiotic agreement between yourself and the spider. While it is true that many bites heal on their own, the potent venom of the Brown Recluse can become intensely painful over time, has been known to transform into large, ulcer-like wounds, and can cause tissue death as well as other serious complications- all of which are scenarios most would like to avoid if at all possible. With that in mind, here are a few other facts that you need to know about Brown Recluse spiders that will demonstrate exactly why you should be wary of even a single one of these arachnids in your home or on your property:

  • A single female can give birth to 150 new spiders in a single year, and typically lays eggs in the early summer.
  • In addition to being shy, the Brown Recluse is nocturnal, and has been known to bite people in their sleep.
  • Much like the rest of us, these spiders prefer to be indoors, and are fond of dark spaces such as attics, basements, closets, bathrooms, air ducts, sheds, barns, etc.

Ridding Your Home or Property of Brown Recluses

Ideally, you have been able to use the above mentioned bullet points to confirm that you do not have a Brown Recluse living with you. If, however, the opposite is true and you have corroborated an infestation, you will want to take steps to remove any and all member of this species from your home or property. Here are a few steps to follow on your warpath:

  • Pretend it’s Spring and start deep cleaning, paying particular attention to those hard to reach nooks and crannies.
  • Always wear gloves and cover as much of your exposed skin as possible. While no one will judge you for showing up in a containment suit or beekeeper outfit, this amounts to overkill as the small fangs typical of this spider won’t allow it to puncture even lightweight clothing. A mixture of bleach and water is reportedly as good at repelling these spiders as it is at disinfecting.
  • Check in corners, around baseboards, in closets, dressers, and boxes.
  • Also check in bathrooms, in the shower, bathtub, and around toilets.
  • When searching in closets, don’t forget to look inside hanging and folded clothes, as well as shoes.
  • Couches and recliners also make ideal hiding spaces for this socially inept arachnid.

If at any point you come into contact with a Brown Recluse, try to avoid the hit-or-miss shoe method of disposal and instead gas them with Zenprox Aerosol. Remember also that these are nocturnal creatures and will most likely be away from their webs in the evening hours. If you want to catch them sleeping, day time is the right time. Once you have inspected these favored habitats and removed any Recluses that you do see, experts recommend utilizing some type of spray barrier that will deter any other arachnids from entering your home. This site provides an excellent breakdown of products available to consumers. That same website should give you an idea of what kind of insecticide you want to apply to the interior of your home- a spray or a dust. As a tip, dusts may leave behind more residue, but they are better at penetrating cracks and entering those hard to reach areas.

What to Do if Bitten by a Brown Recluse

The first thing to do if you are bitten by a Brown Recluse is to remain calm. Freaking out does not help. After gathering your senses:

  • Wash the affected area with soap and water.
  • Apply ice.
  • Elevate the bite.
  • Seek medical attention.

If you notice the bite at the time it occurs, take the spider with you to the hospital, as it can be difficult for even the most highly qualified physician to diagnose a Brown Recluse bite from simply looking at the wound. This difficulty stems from the fact that many other medical conditions can present as a Brown Recluse bite.

The Last Bite

As you can see, there are many reasons why a Brown Recluse infestation may not be as desirable as, say, a Koala infestation. So if you suspect that you might be inadvertently harboring one of these arachnids, the steps outlined in this article should help you determine whether you have a Recluse, or something else, and then what steps you should take afterward. If at all possible, the safest and most effective way to handle any type of infestation is to consult a professional

How to Get Rid of Wolf Spiders

The wolf spiders are robust spiders measuring about .04 to 1.18 inches in body size and are brown. They are a ground dweller for their hunting and will hide in dark corners or shadows. It is not a fatal bite should you come in close enough contact to be bitten, but it will be painful. They are not something you want lurking around your house and if you’ve noticed them; it’s time to get rid of them.

Close off Access to the Inside

The best and the first thing to do in getting rid of the wolf spider is to prevent them from being able to get inside your home. Make sure your screens do not have holes in them and that all weather stripping on windows are intact. Then go around with a caulking gun and slowly inspect your home and fill any cracks, holes or crevices that they may use to enter. Look especially careful around electrical wires or plumbing that lead into your house.

Check the Interior of Your Home

Once you have closed off their access from the outside, check the interior of your home starting with the basement if you have one. Check for cracks or even holes that may need patching and filling. Check those same plumbing and wiring areas where they lead in from the outside as well as the windows to make sure there are no cracks around their perimeters. From the basement work your way up in the house until you’ve reached the attic checking all windows and doorways for any possible entrances for the wolf spider.

Keep Your Outside Area Uninviting

To keep the wolf spider away from your house, clear all vegetation where they will want to hide, away from the structure. Do not have any hedges, bushes, grasses or ivies growing right up against the wall as the wolf spider loves dark and shadowy places where they can hunt. Do not have any outside lighting along your house as these attract the tasty little treats the wolf spider will hunt. If you must provide outside lighting for safety reasons; use the yellow or sodium vapor lights as fewer bugs are attracted to these.

Other Steps to take to Make Your Home Less Inviting

  1. Clean up any insects you see in your home as this is the food the wolf spider is hunting. They will feed on ants, flies, moths and more so remove all their food source and you will soon see them disappearing.
  2. Vacuum your rooms regularly to make sure there are no crumbs lying around. The crumbs will attract other insects, and that is just what the wolf spider is looking for. Fewer insects in your home will make your home less appealing to this spider.
  3. If you notice any spider webs remove them immediately. If the wolf spider’s web is destroyed, it will discourage them from resettling in the same spot.
  4. Use air-tight containers rather than cardboard boxes. The wolf spider loves dark places and will find their way into the cardboard box to make its home.

How to Get Rid of Wolf Spiders

Now that you know how to keep your home uninviting for the wolf spider let’s look at how to get rid of them if they have already chosen your home for their own.

Pesticides

There are a lot of pesticides on the market that will kill the wolf spider and prevent more from entering. You will want to use one with one or more of these ingredients:

  • Deltamethrin
  • Pyrethrin
  • Cypermethrin
  • Lambda-Cyhalothrin

There are many different uses for these control methods, and it is extremely important to read the label instructions to make sure you are using them correctly and in the right areas of your home for your safety.

Chemicals that leave a residue are more effective as the wolf spider hunts on the ground, so they are more likely to step into the residue.

Natural Methods of Removing the Wolf Spider

  • Cats are great hunters, and when they see these little creatures running across your floor, they will go after them.
  • Spider traps can be as simple as a little piece of cardboard paper with a sticky substance spread on it. This will work great for catching the wolf spider as well as any other creature you may have lurking in your home.
  • Eco-Exempt D Dust is an organic insecticide. It is pet safe and works very efficiently on killing the wolf spider.

The wolf spider can reach up to four inches and are not easy to kill by squishing and if so would make an unsightly mess. They can be an amazing and fascinating creature- if outside. You do not want them in your home. Use these tips to get rid of them and keep them away.

Use Natural Spider Repellent to Prevent Spiders

Arachnophobia is one reason why you just might be looking for some natural ways to repel spiders from you home, but there might be other reasons too. Some of those reasons are you just do not want them in your house or garages, or it could be some in your area are potentially dangerous and poisonous if one bites you. Some of the most poisonous ones are:

Now, even though these spiders are poisonous some of the chemicals spider repellents are just more poisonous if not more than these spiders themselves. This is why knowing some of the best natural repellents to use would be the best options for you, your family and the pets of the household. Using natural pest control repellents are all safer for the spiders since we do need them in our ecosystem to keep the insect population down.

Essential Oils for Keeping Spiders Away 

Spiders are sensitive to particular scents that are strong and overwhelming. Scents they hate most are citrus, mint, lavender and cinnamon ones. This is why the list of pure organic essential oils below works well for repelling these arachnids.

  • Lemon Oil
  • Tea Tree Oil
  • Lavender Oil
  • Cinnamon Oil
  • Ginger Root Oil
  • Peppermint Oil
  • Citronella Oil
  • Cayenne Oil

Make a Homemade Solution Using Essential Oils that Acts as a Spider Repellent 

A homemade natural solution you can make at home using any of the above essential oils from the list is one that involves 50 drops of an essential oil, a cup of organic dish soap and a gallon of water. You mix these ingredients in a gallon size outdoor sprayer device meant for chemical pesticide application and then you spray it along the foundation, sidings, window trims and entryways of your home or any area you wish to repel the spiders away from naturally. You will have to repeat this solution every two to three weeks to keep the spiders away permanently.

Make Natural Powdered Insect Repellent for Spiders

Another homemade repellant you can make for keeping spiders away is a powdered solution that consist of one pound of ground cinnamon and a half pound of cayenne pepper. You carefully wearing safety goggles and gloves combine these two ingredients together and sprinkle the mixture around the foundation of your home or near the spider’s entrance way.  The smell of these two spices combine together will cause a burning sensation for the creepy crawler and will naturally deter spiders from attempting to enter your home. Once you are done, carefully sprinkling the repellant around the home, carefully take off the gloves, then your goggles and go wash your hands immediately. Nothing is worse than going to rub your eyes or face with cayenne pepper and cinnamon all over them because it will cause a burning sensation for you too.

Plant Mint Plants around Your Home, Sheds and Gardens

If you are trying to keep spiders out of garden beds, woodsheds and home the best thing you can do is plant herbs belonging to the mint family in heavy amounts around these areas. Other herbs that work well and are worth planting around the home and yard for repelling spiders away are citronella, citrus trees, lavender bushes, rosemary bushes and ginger root plants. All plants you can find at any local landscaping store, greenhouse and home improvement store in the gardening section.

Spray Citrus Juices such as Lemon and Orange

As you know from reading the last few above paragraphs, spiders do not like citrus at all. This is why spraying citrus juices around areas of the home or garage where spiders are entering through can become useful. Adding citrus peels of lemons, limes and oranges in these spots, helps keep spiders away too. Just make sure the citrus juices you use are freshly squeezed from citrus fruit yourself or organic fruit juices you get at the grocery store. Concentrated juices tend to have a lot of added sugar, which will still repel spiders away, but will not be as strong and could attract ants.

Sprinkle Diatomaceous Earth Powder around the Yard

Keeping spiders away from patio areas, gardens and off your property, in general, can happen with ease using food grade diatomaceous earth powder. It is harmless to humans and pets and is made from plankton skeletons ground up into a fine powder. The fine powder crystals are sharp to insects such as spiders and will kill them instantly, but in a natural manner that is not harmful to you, your pets or the environment. You can find the food grade powder at any local farm animal feed store at a reasonable price. After, you just sprinkle the powder all over your yard, patio area and anywhere else, you want to keep spiders from in general. However, you should only use this natural method if killing spiders is not going to make you feel guilty or upset about doing so.

Place Essential Oil Diffusers around the Home 

Essential oil diffusers made with some of the essential oils we discussed is another great natural option for repelling those creepy bugs away. You can make homemade diffusers yourself or you can purchase them at organic whole food shops in the home good section or at local herbal shops. To make homemade diffusers yourself you will need:

  • Diffuser Rods or Wooden Skewer Sticks
  • Tall Glass Containers or Jars
  • Essential Oils
  • Bottle of Vodka

To make the diffusers all you have to do is add 25 to 30 drops of essential oil to your container or jar of choice and fill that container half way full with vodka. After, place your rods or wooden skewer sticks into the solution and allow them to absorb some of it for an hour or two. Next, flip the rods or wooden skewer sticks to the soaked ends placing the dry ends into the solution. After, you will have homemade scented diffusers to place all around your home to repel spiders away naturally. Just make sure you use the essential oils from the list in this guide to repel the spiders away properly. Also, keep in mind, you will want to flip the rods weekly and fill your diffusers up with more vodka and essential oils on a monthly basis to keep them putting out a strong repelling fragrance. If you do not, you will have some unwanted visitors shortly afterwards.

Keep This in Mind when Repelling Spiders Naturally 

Keep in mind spiders are helpful and essential for keeping our eco-system balanced so killing them should only be an option when you are trying to prevent yourself from being bitten from a poisonous specious. Using natural options to rid spiders away is safer for you and the environment so never resort to chemical pesticides that could end up causing more harm than good. After all, the chances of you dying from a chemical pesticide over a spider bite is a lot higher and with all the antidotes available these days dying from a bite is unlikely unless you are in a jungle without a doctor near by.

How to Get Rid of Black Widows – Prevention & Removal

Getting rid of black widow spiders is something some people want to know how to do out of fear of getting bit by one. Many people believe that if bitten by a black widow spider that death will occur soon after, but the truth is death is unlikely to occur since hospital emergency centers can now treat black widow bites with medicine. It is true that the side effects from a black widow bite are serious and give enough reason to want to repel these tiny creepy crawling insects away.

What are the side effects of a black widow bite?

The side effects of a black widow bite are fifteen times worse than a rattlesnake bite. Those symptoms are:

  • Extreme Muscle Aches
  • Nausea
  • Paralysis
  • Nausea 
  • Vomiting 
  • Dizziness
  • Breathing Difficulties 
  • Excessive Sweating
  • Fever
  • Rashes
  • Blood Pressure Issues
  • Possible Heart Attack or Stroke
  • Fainting 
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Extreme Weakness
  • Chest Pains
  • Headaches

Death is unlikely to occur if a human is bitten by one, but children, the elderly, babies, and people with weakened immune systems can die from a bite if not medically treated quickly. Again, black widow spiders rarely ever bite humans unless they are feeling the need to defend themselves against harm such as the fear of being squashed or you sitting on top of one by accident. Sometimes while gardening or cleaning out shady leafy spots where they tend to build homes are where bites are likely to occur as well because again it is where they live and the spiders feel the need to defend their home and space.

What are the ways to recognize a black widow spider?

Black widow spiders have distinct features. These ting carnivorous bugs have a lifespan of three short years and are about 1.5 inches long and 0.25 in diameter and way less than a gram. The insects are most common in North America and are a venomous spider that is black in color with a red marking on its belly that resembles and hourglass shape. The black widows love exploring the garden and tend to hang out in areas that are dark and in the shad such as inside a flower pot, under crawl spaces and wherever there are a generous amount of flies, mosquitoes, grasshoppers, beetles, and caterpillars, which are insects these spiders enjoy capturing in their webs and dining on.

What are some of the ways to get rid of black widow spiders?

There are several ways to eradicate black widow spiders if you do not care to share your space with them. One of the simplest ways is by making sure all the clutter around your yard and home are cleaned up. Black widow spiders love building their home in old boxes, paper bags, clothing, old garden boxes, lumber piles, landscaping timber, stones, firewood piles and tall grassy areas. Making sure small cracks, openings and any crevasses around your home, shed and crawlspace areas are sealed up properly can help make sure the tiny insects stay out and away as well. Some people even goes as far as sprinkling caulk dust around the foundation of their home because caulk dust is a natural remedy that repels the spiders away. Other ways to repel  and rid black widow spiders away are:

  1. Planting Peppermint or Mint Plants Around Your Home or Garden Areas
  2. Spraying Pesticides such as Spider Repellent along the Foundation of Your Home
  3. Exterminate with a Black Widow Repellent Spray 
  4. Sprinkle Dust Insecticide Spray Around Foundation 
  5. Vacuum the Spiders Up with a Vacuum Cleaner
  6. Squashing the Spiders with a Hard Object 
  7. Eliminating the  Egg Sacs with Bleach to Prevent Infestation
  8. Calling an Exterminator for  Help with Removing Large Infestations 
  9. Making Sure Entrance Ways such as Underneath Doors are Sealing Shut Properly Using Weather Stripping Material 
  10. Making Sure Cracks around Windows are Sealed Up with Cocking or Sealant Filler 
  11. Switching Light bulbs to Incandescent or Sodium Vapor Kinds Since Insects such as Spiders are Attracted to Other Kinds that Produce Heat
  12. Removing the Spiders Nest from Entrance Ways or Garden Areas Physically Wearing Gloves or Spraying it with a Powerful Water Hose
  13. Carefully Relocate the Spiders to a New Location Wearing Gloves if Killing is not a Solution 

What should you do if you are bitten by a black widow spider?

If a black widow spider bites you it is important to visit a medical facility immediately for proper treatment by a doctor. Make sure someone else is driving you there, or you call 911 since again the side effects from a black widow bite can be severe and leave you in a state of being that does not allow you to drive. The treatments doctors use to eliminate the side effects of a black widow bite are antitoxin and even narcotics to relieve the pain, but it all depends on the reaction and severity of the bite. For immediate care after a bite until medical treatment is received from a hospital warm and cold compresses can be useful along with acetaminophen and ibuprofen.

Black Widows Love Dark Areas

The likely hood of being bitten by a black widow spider is rare, but again if you are bitten by one immediate medical treatment is necessary. If you do not know this fact already, the best way to keep black widow spiders away is to maintain the dark spaces you have in and around your home limited. Black widow spiders are nocturnal creatures and love living in the dark, which means the chances of you finding them in a sunny or well-lit area is extremely unlikely. Otherwise, the best thing to do when you encounter a black widow spider unless it is inside your home or shed is to leave it be and walk away. The insects are harmless when no threats occur to them.

Get Rid of Spiders

If you notice large numbers of insects you have around your home especially when you leave the outdoor light on then you probably have some spiders lingering around the home. If you have an infestation of spiders then there is something or a variety of things that are causing them to come into your home. Aside from having plenty of food around with many insects, there could be areas for them to hide and places for them to create webs and lay eggs. Here are some ways to consider getting rid of spiders.

Seal Up Cracks and Holes

Do an inspection on the outside of your home and repair areas around windows and doors that have cracks and holes with caulking. Replace rotting wood with new wood and if you have siding on your home, then caulk where it may be spreading from the window frame and leaving a gap. Replace torn screens for your windows and doors and with other openings from your chimney and vents place fine mesh insect screens to prevent not only spiders from entering but multiple other types of insects.

Remove debris from home

By keeping the perimeter of your home clean is one of the more basic things that you can do to help keep all sorts of insects and small rodents from being on your property and entering your home.  Don’t lean wood or pile wood near your home for your fireplace as spiders will hide and make their home in the wood as they prefer areas that are not often disturbed and dark. Cut trees that are close to your roof and are only feet away from your home. Keep all shrubbery trimmed and branches cut from interfering any wires or satellite dishes you may have on your roof. Any trees that are near windows should also be trimmed. Plants and bushes should be kept several feet away from the home.

Keep interior clean

Make sure you vacuum weekly and keep your house tidy by removing old newspapers piling up by your door or old magazines that just sit around on your living room table for months and months. If you have piles of dirty clothes that seem to never get cleaned then you may want to start hanging them up. This is one of the main causes of spiders in bedrooms. Piles of dirty clothes are perfect hiding spots for these little creatures and they can feed off any crumbs or other bugs that are around your home. Use plastic containers to store away things in your closet and garage instead of cardboard boxes as this will keep air out and will prevent spiders from hanging out on or in the container. Keep floors not only vacuumed but mopped. Keep counters and tables cleaned from crumbs and spots from drinks.

Apply insecticide

There are several ways to handle spreading insecticide as you determine which one to use. A regular insecticide can be sprayed around windows and doors on the inside and outside. You can use some remedies that many people have tried and seem to work such as horse chestnuts that seem to be a deterrent of spiders. Others to think about are walnuts and osage. They seem to have a toxic odor to spiders and can prevent them from entering your home. You would have to place them in areas you think they are entering.

Spray peppermint oil mixture around the areas you have noticed spiders most often. Use a bottle of water and pour 20 drops of peppermint oil to make the perfect mixture. You can try tea tree oil and eucalyptus oil that both have the same effect as peppermint oil. Diatomeaceous earth is also considered a great solution in getting rid of spiders in your home and it works for many other types of insects. These are all natural ways to get rid of spiders and prevent them from coming in your home.

Take basic precautions

Turn off your lights at night before going to bed to prevent insects that are attracted to light to come to your home and hang out. This brings spiders as they eat a variety of insects that are attracted to light. Vacuum any spider webs you see in the corners of a room. This may seem very obvious but this can help prevent spiders from laying their eggs for baby spiders to hatch inside your home.

Call upon a professional

A professional insect exterminator may be the alternative you use if you feel there are just too many spiders seen in your home and you can’t seem to get rid of them on your own. In some cases a professional could use a very strong pesticide and will require you to leave the home for several days along with taking your pets and even fish with you as the odor will linger. You can return once the odor and scent is gone and is less harmful to you and your pets.