Anytime you are dealing with unwanted creatures inside your home such as insects, rodents and small mammals a process such as fumigation can help to rid them away. However, this process should be professionally done by an exterminator since it can be potentially dangerous to humans and other creatures you do not wish to bring harm to if done improperly.
What are some of the creatures fumigation works to get rid of?
What exactly is fumigation?
Fumigation is a process in which lethal gas,vapors, or smoke is used to kill off pests. The process takes place inside a home or structural building of some sort that is infested with unwanted guest. Fumigation also works on crops and on farms to rid pests away too. Once fumigation occurs, it can take as little as hours or up to a week before the unwanted guest are completely gone. It really all depends on how big the area is and what type of pest you will be fumigating.
In general, fumigation is usually a colorless and odorless treatment that kills insects and small rodents. During the process of the fumigation you should remove all pets, plants, food, and humans from the home. If you have any baby stuff in your home, you should remove all of it as well since the residue from the gases can be left behind on their delicate belongings. Removing fabric furniture, carpets, curtains, bedding and mattresses from the home is also a good idea as well. This will ensure that no one becomes sick by the fumes that come from the fumigation process.
Let’s now go over the different types of fumigation so you have a better idea of what’s out there to use to help rid your pest problem away.
What methods are used for fumigation?
There are really only a few types of methods for fumigation. The first method is to completely seal the structure off with a sealant such as tape or plastic to ensure the fumes to kill the pest stay in that particular area you desire to rid the pest from.
The second method consist of concealing the building in a nylon tent. Once the process of fumigating is done, and the chemicals have dissipated they plastic or nylon tent would be removed.
In rare cases, fumigation can occur in the form of a spray that is sprayed directly on crops or farms that are trying to reduce a pest problem. However, all livestock, pets, farmers and works most not be within the crop fields or on the farm during this dangerous, but useful process when the fumigation begins.
What are different techniques of fumigation?
- Gas fumigation: In this technique they release the chemical in its gas form in an enclosed structure or space. They will enclose the area with a gas proof covering that will protect the outside environment from the chemicals being used. Once again, these fumigants are highly toxic and anything living will need to be removed from the area since death is possible if the chemicals are inhaled. Some of the common gases used are Methyl bromide and Sulfuryl fluoride.
- Solid fumigation: This type of fumigation is released as powder, pellets, and tablets in the measured amount of necessary for handling the particular size pest problem you have. They say that this method is less harmful to the environment and much easier and safer to use then the gas form. Some popular solid fumigation chemicals are Aluminium phosphide and Calcium cyanide.
- Liquid fumigation: This is dispersed through a sprayer in large quantities and is sprayed over the desired area that is needed to control insects , pest, and mold such as upon a farm or within crop fields. Most of these types of fumigants are toxic to humans and are highly flammable. Liquid fumigation acts quicker than solid fumigation. This type of fumigation is usually performed outside or in an enclosed area. Typical chemicals that are used in this form are carbon disulfide, ethyl acetate, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, sulfuryl fluoride, ethylene dichloride and methyl bromide.
Picking the Right Type of Fumigation
As you can see there are many variations of fumigation. You will want to choose the fumigation option that you feel is best, but if your unsure how to fumigate yourself or which one to choose call in a professional. Professionals can help with the fumigation process easily, safely and effectively. After all, you do want this process done right so your pest problem goes away.
Also keep in mind, if your pest problem does not go away with the first treatment a second treatment is sometimes needed, and is usually the last treatment you will need to do. However, again, it all depends on the type of pest you are dealing with and how big the pest problem is in the area you are trying to treat.