The phorid fly is small like the fruit fly but comes from a different family of flies and is often confused for each other. They are both similar looking; however their management is quite different. The phorid fly can often be found in garbage, drains and contaminated soils. They are often called the sewer fly. If you understand what their breeding source is, it will be easier for you to manage your problem with them.
You need to look for their breeding space and remove it or change how you manage it. Their nickname of sewer fly is a good choice as you will find them most often by damaged sewer lines that are close to your home. Clogged drains are another of their favorite spots.
The diet of the phorid fly is quite unsanitary and they are not something you want to share your home with. They will feed on; animal carcasses, garbage, decaying plants, dirty trash containers, dormant garbage disposals, piles of feces and drain pipes. You need to know how to get rid of the phorid fly.
Problems the phorid fly causes
The phorid fly can enter your home undetected and will breed where ever they can find sufficient moisture. Their females are reproduction champions and are capable of laying 40 eggs every 12 hours. They will choose areas that are not visible to you like inside your drain or underneath your floor. An infestation of these horrible flies often catches homeowners by surprise as they multiply very quickly. Their diet habits put you and your family at risk for health issues as they will spread bacteria and diseases.
Signs you have an infestation
The first sign you will probably see is when out of nowhere a large cloud of flies emerges. They will generally cluster in your garbage bin, cracks in your floor or in areas where you are storing fruits and vegetables. They are attracted to light and will head towards windows, lamps, and other sources of lighting.
Preventive measures against the Phorid fly
There are some preventive measures you can use to ensure these flies do find your home suitable to use as their breeding grounds.
- Regularly clean out your trash and recycling bins.
- Discard all uneaten food in air-tight containers.
- Fix any leaking pipes immediately.
- Do not let organic piles build up around your home.
- Make sure all cracks and crevices are filled with a caulking product to make they cannot enter.
The key to controlling the phorid fly infestation is to eliminate any breeding ground possibilities from your home. Pesticides can be used to eliminate the flies you see; however, if the breeding area is not removed, they will return.
A pest management professional (PMP) is generally required to use a pesticide against the phorid fly infestation. They can also inspect your home and ensure this is the fly causing your distress. The correct identification is necessary for the correct treatment. According to Mark Sheperdidian, a pest management professional, misidentification is one of the big reasons many pest technicians cannot successfully treat for phorid flies.
A PMP will use a residual insecticide to apply on cracks, crevices and perform spot treatments to areas the flies are known to breed. These spot treatments may include; underneath appliances, under floor mats, dumpsters, around plants, cracks and crevices in tile flooring, grout joints, doors and windows.
Some of the more serious infestations may involve digging up your floor or moving cabinets in order to get at the source of the problem. Hopefully you are able to spot a problem before it gets this serious.
In some cases it may even be necessary to use an IGR with the pesticide for drain treatments and around catch basins or downspouts. The phorid fly treatment can prove to be a very difficult task, often thought of as one of the toughest to treat.
Prevention is definitely the best measure for you to get control of any phorid fly issue. If it get beyond what you can eliminate or handle, contact a local pest control professional who has experience in dealing with this type of fly.